- Puberty happens between ages 8 and 13 and takes 3 to 4 years to complete.
- After puberty, the body is capable of reproduction, but that does not mean a person is emotionally ready to have a baby.
Changes everyone experiences
Pimples and oily hair
The Sads, Mads, and Glads
- The breasts grow larger and have the ability to produce milk if a person gives birth.
- Breasts can be tender when these are growing.
- Wearing a training bra eases discomfort.
- The hips widen to create room in the body to carry a baby if a person chooses to.
- The outer and inner labia and clitoris grow larger.
Vaginal fluid is produced
- The vagina and cervix start to produce a clear white substance that helps clean and moisten the vagina.
- Vaginal fluid will be noticeable on the underwear.
- If the vaginal fluid has an odour or is itchy, it could signal an infection and need medical treatment.
Menstruation cycle begins
- Once a month, the ovary releases an egg (ovum), and the uterus grows a lining of blood and tissue.
- If the egg becomes fertilized by a sperm, it can implant into the uterus lining and develop into a baby.
- If the egg is not fertilized, it will dissolve and the uterus lining is shed through the vaginal opening. This is called menstruation or a period.
Shoulders and chest broaden
- The chest and shoulders broaden.
Penis and testicles grow bigger
- The penis and testicles grow bigger.
Increase in the number of erections
- Erections happen when blood rushes to the penis and becomes hard.
- Erections happen for a lot of reasons including rubbing the genitals, pleasurable thoughts, seeing an image or person they like, or for no reason at all.
- If someone gets an erection in public they can sit down or cover up until it goes away.
Ability to ejaculate
- Ejaculations start when the testicles begin to produce and release sperm.
- Sperm leave the testicles, mixes with fluid from the reproductive system to create semen, and exit out the tip of the penis.